Employees in the health sector
In the last 30 years, the life expectancy of people living in Germany has increased by an average of seven years. According to the 2013/2015 mortality table, life expectancy averages 78.2 years for new-born boys and 83.1 years for new-born girls.
However, age in society is not representative of becoming ill or in need of care. Nevertheless, there are currently 3.3 million people in need of care in Germany and the demand for professional nursing staff is increasing.
Nursing care for the elderly is therefore nowadays regarded as a growth sector. Currently, however, 25,000 to 30,000 full-time positions are still unfilled, although the number of employees in nursing services and inpatient nursing facilities alone rose by 8 percent in the period from 2013 to 2015 to around 80,000 positions. Nevertheless, there is still a shortage of skilled workers in all nursing professions.
The occupational field of the nursing and health professions without licensure covers all professions of the Health Ordinance, with the exception of specialists and pharmacists, as these require licensure. The largest group of employees in this occupational field are nurses and geriatric nurses.
The Federal Government even dealt with the topic of care and the lack of skilled workers. In the 18th parliamentary term, the Federal Government made strengthening nursing care and improving the general conditions for nursing staff one of its priorities. The numerous measures implemented during this 18th parliamentary term have had a direct and indirect positive impact on the nursing sector.